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Poster: George Ho Date: Nov 16, 2011 7:20pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: Blackmail (1929), directed by Alfred Hitchcock

I have remove two previous posts of mine. I must apologize if I must have given you emails of reply notifications.

Anyway, I have read the page: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/48/schedule/1

Under the Acts of 1988 and 1911, this film should be defined as "dramatic work" or "photograph" (as part of "artistic work". According to that Sentence, the first copyright owner has been acknowledged. If the first author was Alfred Hitchcock (died 1980), then the film would have been still copyrighted in 1996.

Maybe count negative film as "photography" and the film's content as "dramatic work". Let's continue using this URL.

EDIT: I have removed misinterpretation of copyright duration. If it is not 25 pma, then it should be 70 pma for dramatic and artistic works under the 1988 Act. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/48/part/I/chapter/I

I cannot interpret Section 12 of Sentence 1 very well. Does it extend duration or re-enact the duration of previous enactments?

EDIT: I cannot interpret very well Sect. 15 of Sentence 7 of the repealed Copyright Act of 1956. This film must have been protected as either a dramatic or an artistic work. Sect. 15 would recognize authors as of the dramatic work, including films before commencement of 1956 Act. However, like all films, they should be "joint works". I fully understand Sect. 16, but I could figure out which to follow: one or both.

This post was modified by George Ho on 2011-11-16 14:09:14

This post was modified by George Ho on 2011-11-17 02:50:34

This post was modified by George Ho on 2011-11-17 03:20:47

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Poster: Mystic550 Date: Feb 14, 2012 6:23pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: Blackmail (1929), directed by Alfred Hitchcock

According to Video-Cellar, British films released before 12/31/1945 were in the public domain in the UK at GATT date and as such not eligible for GATT.

http://www.archive.org/post/217045/good-copyright-research-methods

Additionally Blackmail 1929 never had a copyright renewal in the U.S. Just because the copyright office processes a registration does not necessarily make it valid.

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Poster: George Ho Date: Feb 15, 2012 3:33am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: Blackmail (1929), directed by Alfred Hitchcock

Ahem! Somehow, copyrights of films were restored in the UK on the URAA date toward then-expired films. On the URAA date, films were still copyrighted due to automatic copyright restoration by amendments to the 1988 Act.

Video-Cellar may be probably wrong about them.

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Poster: Mystic550 Date: Feb 15, 2012 4:58am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: Blackmail (1929), directed by Alfred Hitchcock

More information from the link below:
The current copyright terms for films in the UK, which was introduced in 1996 EU directive ammendments, applies only to films that are protected under the terms of the 1988 Copyright Designs and Patents Act (films published after 1 August 1989).

http://www.archive.org/post/319918/copyright-on-british-films

From the link you posted
(5)Copyright in the following descriptions of work continues to subsist until the end of the period of 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the new copyright provisions come into force—(a)unpublished sound recordings made on or after 1st June 1957;(b)films not falling within sub-paragraph (2)(e) above,

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Poster: George Ho Date: Feb 15, 2012 3:30pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: Blackmail (1929), directed by Alfred Hitchcock

Ahem, a film made before the commencement of 1956 Act are defined by law as "dramatic works" or "series of photographs", not films.

Therefore, pre-"July 1957" films are "dramatic works" or "photographs".

2. (2)In relation to the 1911 Act—.
(a)references in this Schedule to copyright include the right conferred by section 24 of that Act in substitution for a right subsisting immediately before the commencement of that Act;.
(b)references in this Schedule to copyright in a sound recording are to the copyright under that Act in records embodying the recording; and.
(c)references in this Schedule to copyright in a film are to any copyright under that Act in the film (so far as it constituted a dramatic work for the purposes of that Act) or in photographs forming part of the film.

7(1)No copyright subsists in a film, as such, made before 1st June 1957.
(2)Where a film made before that date was an original dramatic work within the meaning of the 1911 Act, the new copyright provisions have effect in relation to the film as if it was an original dramatic work within the meaning of Part I.
(3)The new copyright provisions have effect in relation to photographs forming part of a film made before 1st June 1957 as they have effect in relation to photographs not forming part of a film.

1995 Amendment to the 1988 Act: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1995/3297/contents/made